Emma Webster

Primary Teacher

Orchard Primary

  • Assessment For Learning

The Effect of Instant Verbal Feedback on Pupil Learning


The topic for enquiry has been chosen due to its importance in the classroom every day for all practitioners and learners. The decision was influenced by the groups interest in instant verbal feedback and the impact it can have on pupil learning and growth mindset. Education Scotland state feedback has an impact on pupil learning as it provides opportunity for changes to be made immediately, which can lead to an improvement in attainment (Education Scotland, 2019). It is evident from studies that providing pupils with feedback and the opportunity to self-reflect is a vital part of learning (Quinton & Smallbone, 2010). Increasing attainment of children is a national priority and therefore this enquiry benefits my daily teaching and professional development. Scottish Government (2006) also states that learners learn best, and attainment improves, when learners are given feedback about the quality of their learning, and what they can do to make it better.

Feedback is an essential element in assessment as it provides children with opportunities to make improvement before progressing any further. Shirley Clarke states that verbal feedback is the most effective form of feedback in helping the child to understand where they have succeeded and what they must do to improve (Hattie & Clarke, 2018). Black and William (1998) demonstrate that children who receive quality feedback are empowered to hold more responsibility over their learning which is proven to be a more effective way of teaching and learning.


The aim of this enquiry was to evaluate the success of instant verbal feedback as a formative assessment strategy and technique and the impact it has on teaching and learning within a classroom setting.

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