Jennifer Rankin


Airdrie Academy

  • More Knowledgeable Others

What happens when you use “more knowledgeable others” in pairs?


More Knowledgeable Other (MKO) refers to an individual who has an increased understanding on a subject, task, process or concept, or has a higher ability level than the learner (McLeod 2007). The group have chosen to write about MKO as it has been queried whether this concept can work equally as well when using a peer within the class and not a teacher or older, more experienced adult. It is evident through experiences that young people enjoy a student lead learning – resulting in an increase in engagement and understanding. (Vygotsky 1930) States that “young children are curious and actively involved in their own learning”. (Jaramillo 1996) agrees with this but also discusses the importance of a learner’s social interaction with knowledgeable members of society. He then goes on to talk about how important this interaction with an MKO is for a person’s social development and skills. I believe that students in some of my classes where there is a vast level in abilities would enjoy and benefit from working within a varied ability pair. I would like to further my understanding on this theory by using MKO in my classroom and sharing my findings with fellow teachers.


The aim of this professional enquiry is to examine the impact that using “more knowledgeable others” in pairs has in a student’s ability, confidence during class or level of participation.

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