Zainab Zahid Yunis


Coatbridge High

  • Digital Learning: Pupil Engagement

The Impact of Synchronous vs Asynchronous Teaching on Engagement


The Covid-19 pandemic has led all education facilities to close and adapt to teaching and learning online from home. This has had a major impact on education for young people and students, and also on their social life and wellbeing, as they are forced to stay home.

‘Online courses are generally not as effective as in-person classes, but they are certainly better than no classes.’ (Loeb , 2020). Loeb has also addressed the fact that students and young people are more likely to get distracted at home during asynchronous and synchronous lessons as they will not have a teacher to ‘pull them back in’ to concentrate on the work in front of them.

‘Teaching is moving on an enormous and untested scale’ (Adediran, 2020). Adediran, also went on to mention in his article how the form of online learning is going to cause an increase in the educational gap between young people that come from a well-off background in comparison to those who do not. ‘Student engagement, including behavioural, emotional and psychological engagement, is central to effective learning, student success and welfare, but students who feel disconnected are at a risk of performing lower academically and tend to have poorer social outcomes, such as disruptive behaviour’ (Adediran, 2020). This statement by Adediran shows how important it is for student engagement to take place in order for pupils to do well academically.

After doing some research, it can clearly be seen that going forward, online teaching and learning is going to play a key part in young people’s and students’ lives, so the main question that arises is how can changes be made to online teaching in order to ensure maximum pupil engagement takes place? Thinking about whether asynchronous learning or synchronous learning will be beneficial for pupils’ when working from home?


The aim of this practitioner enquiry was to assess the impact that synchronous teaching and asynchronous teaching had on pupils’ engagement, throughout the online learning experience. This was done by looking at pupil feedback, engagement, attendance, and work submitted.

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